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初中英语:四招攻克英语首字母填空题!附例题

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摘要

英语作为中考必考科目,在考试当中占着很大比重,中考主观型完形填空即首字母填空也称为限制型完形填空,想要拉开距离,就必需要在这部分下功夫。不少英语比较好的那一档的学生,英语考试还是会卡在这一题,不想让你们也因为这一道题犯难从而拖后腿,今天小编跟大家分享一下做这道题的技巧。


常用的答题技巧如下:



1. 通读短文知大意,看整体全面了解



  与阅读理解题和其它类型的完形填空一样,首先要通读短文,了解文章的大意。每篇短文段落之间必然承上启下、前呼后应。因此通读全文时要一气呵成,只要能了解短文的大意即可,细节不理解可以跳过。因此,在解题之前通读一遍短文,目的是对文章有个全面的了解,弄清其中心思想和大意。



2. 复读短文抓信息,前后照应巧猜词



  在了解文章大意的前提之下再次通读短文,目的是对短文有更进一步的了解。在阅读时要特别注意一篇文章的开头(一般不设空)和结尾,它们能提供主要的信息,帮助了解全文所描述的事件或文章的中心思想。在阅读过程中,要注意上、下文的关系,这对于把握文章的整体意义大有用处。另外,要学会跳读,即对不理解的地方采用暂时回避的方式,待真正理解全文之后再找解决的方法。有些短文填空题,有时出现约 3%~5% 的生词是很正常的,这就要求学生根据构词知识或上、下文的意思加以猜测,来确定它的词义。



3. 反复推敲多分析,慎重答题讲合理



  再次通读短文,对留空的句子进行全面的分析,看它在全文中所处的位置、作用和意义。这一遍阅读要求是精心阅读,要留心找出关键词、短语或句子,还要结合所给首字母的提示,进行填写,并注意单词的正确形式。



4. 认真复查全文,把握整体和词形



  做完以后,再认真读一遍,检查所填写的单词是否与文章要求相符,文章是否通顺,前后是否呼应,有无句型结构及语法错误。从实际中看,很多学生能够充分利用词首字母和短文内容填写单词,但是,问题往往出现在单词的形式变化上。比如填q ,要求填写 quickly ,而多数考生只知道填写 quick ,忽略了词性问题。因此,深思熟虑很重要。


❤  下面以实例来展示




Mo Yan, 2012’s winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature


Mo Yan, 2012’s winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature(诺贝尔文学奖),was born in the small town of Gaomi in Shandong Province. His parents were farmers. And(1)a a young boy Mo took care of the family’s goats(山羊). Each day he took the goats outside and (2)w over them they ate grasses.


It was a (3)l job, but Mo was a smart boy. He enjoyed the green, open land of Sandong. He enjoyed (4)l up at the blue sky and the white clouds. To pass the time, he talked to the goats. He told them his thoughts and some stories. It was the (5)b of his life as a storyteller.


(6)D the Cultural Revolution(文化大革命), Mo had to leave school and work for a company. This was (7)d for Mo, because he loved books and he loved reading. (8)L , he found a friend who would lend him books. Later, Mo became a soldier and to continue his education. In the end he graduated from Beijing Normal University (北师大). This is where he began to write.


(9)A Mo had left Gaomi, Gaomi never left him. Many of his books talk about rural (农的)life and the people of Gaomi. For Mo, all of man nature can be (10)s in the village life of Gaomi. Mo is famous now, but he remains (保持)a true son of soil (土地).


  1. 第一题断句在boy后面,后面是个主句。那么第一个空需要一个介词,a young boy 是个身份,可以填as,如果是个从句,可以填when (he was a boy.)。


  2. 第二题,放羊的过程。把羊带出去,然后看着羊吃草。这里要填看着,监督之类的词,我们有look,see, watch, etc以w开头,那我们填watch,但是这里要考虑时态,所以应该和took并列,所以填watched。


  3. 这个空肯定是填个贬义词,因为很明显要表达莫言在不好的环境中走出新的天地。这个空可以boring, 但这里是l打头,可以填lonely。


  4. 看着蓝天白云,look不难填出来,但是enjoy后面+doing,所以必须是looking。


  5. 放羊的经历是他讲故事生涯的开端。这里填beginning。


  6. 在什么期间,during。


  7. 莫言不得不辍学工作,离开书本,这对他来说当然difficult,后面还解释了原因。


  8. 但是生活出现了转机,他是怎么又得以接触书的呢。这里应该是很幸运,lucky,这里需要副词,了luckily。


  9. 这是个转折句,没有but,我们只能靠although。


  10. 所有的人类天性都可以在Gaomi 村庄里看到。过去分词 seen。


Steve Jobs, the founder and former CEO of Apple


Steve Jobs, the founder and former CEO of Apple, passed away on October 5th, 2011 at the age of fifty-six (1)a a seven-year-long battle with cancer,when every Apple fan was waiting for the next (2)s .


What is Jobs best remembered for? Many of us would name some great products: the iPod, the iTouch, the iPhone or the iPad. They have (3)c the way we enjoy music, television, and even books.


But Jobs brought much more to the world than these (4)p products. As a (5)s businessman, Job’s passion and energy encouraged the world. He told us to “do what you love”. He said, “The (6)o thing that keeps me going is that I love what I do.” He believed “People with passion can change the world (7)f the better.” Jobs made computers interesting and easy to (8)u . His iPhone, iPad and iTouch are popular (9)a the world. People say Jobs sold dreams, not products. As the Us president Barack Obama said, “Jobs was brave enough to think differently, bold (大胆的)enough to (10)b he could change the world, and talented enough to do it.”


  1. 乔布斯抗癌7年之后去世的,所以这里想到介词after。


  2. 每个果粉在等待苹果公司带给他们的下一个惊喜,surprise。


  3. 苹果的系列产品改变的是我们的听音乐 看电视 看书的 方式。 现在完成时 have changed。


  4. 苹果的产品很受欢迎,popular。


  5. 乔布斯无疑是个成功的商人,这里果断填successful。


  6. 当然是唯一的事情,only。


  7. 把事情向好的方面转变,for the better。


  8. 使用 use。


  9. Among。


  10. 相信自己改变世界believe。


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